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March 09, 2022

Clinical Research, Midlands Diving Chamber, Hospital of St Cross, Rugby, Warwickshire.

Introduction: SARS-CoV-2 affects the innate immune response and activates an inflammatory cascade. Hyperbaric oxygen (HBOT) has proven anti-inflammatory effects. This has been seen in the acute hospitalised phase of infection and evidence has also shown that discharged patients still show Chest X-ray changes of pulmonary fibrosis. Post-SARS studies have shown up to 43% prevalence of impaired lung gas diffusion up to 2 years from discharge.

Previous post SARS studies have shown a high incidence of Post Viral Syndrome, even up to 4 years post-infection and notably high in health workers.

A prevalent symptom of SARS-CoV-2 infection is “silent hypoxia”. When severe, this will lead to the patient’s hospitalization or death. If moderate, the home-isolator can have oxygen saturations below 90% for several days.

There is no evidence as to the long term effects of this, but using a model of the chronic hypoxia of carbon monoxide poisoning – similar symptoms in the Delayed Neuropsychological Syndrome of COP are seen in Post-Covid Syndrome.

Hyperbaric oxygen has been shown to be effective across all 3 aetiologies that can cause chronic symptoms after SARS-CoV-2. Our hypothesis is that early use of HBOT after discharge – in patients, who needed supplemental oxygen whilst hospitalized, will prevent long term symptoms. Our secondary hypothesis is that HBOT will alleviate symptoms in those already with long-term symptoms.

Materials and Methods: This is a pre-trial proposition and if successful will go to a full “randomised, controlled trial for the safety and efficacy of hyperbaric oxygen for the prevention and treatment of chronic post-covid symptoms- “Post-Covid Syndrome”. This will take place at Midlands Diving Chamber, Rugby, Warwickshire.

Study Design: An observational study where positive results will lead to a full RCT

Study Population: 10 patients already with long term symptoms. 10 patients recently discharged who had received supplemental oxygen either CPAP or ventilation

Intervention: HBOT at 2.4 atm for 90 minutes with air breaks. One session daily. 10 in total across 2 weeks.

Control: Current best practise for discharged SARS-CoV-2 patients and those still with chronic symptoms.

Indices: FEV1, FVC , Sa02, TCOM – at MDC //  IL6, CRP, DLCO, Lung CT – local provider

Study endpoint: Participants will have 10 HBOT sessions. After this their indices will be compared to those at the beginning. If they have improved and they are symptom free then they will leave the trial with a 30 day follow up. If indices have improved but there are still Post-covid symptoms another 10 sessions of HBOT will be given with follow up after. A maximum of 40 sessions will be allowed.

Results: All results will be peer reviewed and published in a relevant journal. We await a Clinical Trial number

Funding: The Diving Chamber Treatment Trust. Charity Number: 1139049

Summary and Conclusions: A positive result from this observational study will lead to full RCT. The implications of this would new best practice in discharged SARS-CoV-2 patients who needed supplemental oxygen whilst in hospital, as well as a new treatment modality for Post-Covid Syndrome.

Hyperbaric oxygen therapy for the treatment of long COVID: early evaluation of a highly promising intervention

December 17, 2021

Hyperbaric oxygen therapy for the treatment of long COVID: early evaluation of a highly promising intervention

Authors: Tim Robbins, Michael Gonevski, Cain Clark, Sudhanshu Baitule, Kavi Sharma, Angel Magar, Kiran Patel, Sailesh Sankar, Ioannis Kyrou, Asad Ali and Harpal S RandevaK


Long COVID is a common occurrence following COVID-19 infection. The most common symptom reported is fatigue. Limited interventional treatment options exist. We report the first evaluation of hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) for long COVID treatment.


A total of 10 consecutive patients received 10 sessions of HBOT to 2.4 atmospheres over 12 days. Each treatment session lasted 105 minutes, consisting of three 30-minute exposures to 100% oxygen, interspersed with 5-minute air breaks. Validated fatigue and cognitive scoring assessments were performed at day 1 and 10. Statistical analysis was with Wilcoxon signed-rank testing reported alongside effect sizes.


HBOT yielded a statistically significant improvement in the Chalder fatigue scale (p=0.0059; d=1.75 (very large)), global cognition (p=0.0137; d=–1.07 (large)), executive function (p=0.0039; d=–1.06 (large)), attention (p=0.0020; d=–1.2 (very large)), information processing (p=0.0059; d=–1.25 (very large)) and verbal function (p=0.0098; d=–0.92 (large)).


Long COVID-related fatigue can be debilitating and may affect young people who were previously in economic employment. The results presented here suggest potential benefits of HBOT, with statistically significant results following 10 sessions.

KEYWORDS: long COVID, hyperbaric oxygen therapy, fatigue DOI: 10.7861/clinmed.2021-0462

Authors: ANIHR clinical lecturer, University Hospitals Coventry and Warwickshire NHS Trust, Coventry, UK, Warwick Medical School, Coventry, UK and Coventry University, Coventry, UK; Bhyperbaric doctor, Midlands Diving Chamber, Rugby, UK; Cassistant professor, University Hospitals Coventry and Warwickshire NHS Trust, Coventry, UK and Coventry University, Coventry, UK; Dclinical fellow, University Hospitals Coventry and Warwickshire NHS Trust, Coventry, UK; Etrial manager, University Hospitals Coventry and Warwickshire NHS Trust, Coventry, UK; Fresearch grant coordinator, University Hospitals Coventry and Warwickshire NHS Trust, Coventry, UK; Gchief medical officer, deputy chief executive officer and consultant cardiologist, University Hospitals Coventry and Warwickshire NHS Trust, Coventry, UK and Warwick Medical School, Coventry, UK; Hassociate medical director, University Hospitals Coventry and Warwickshire NHS Trust, Coventry, UK and Warwick Medical School, Coventry, UK; Iassociate professor, University Hospitals Coventry and Warwickshire NHS Trust, Coventry, UK, Warwick Medical School, Coventry, UK and Coventry University, Coventry, UK; Jconsultant sleep and respiratory physician, University Hospitals Coventry and Warwickshire NHS Trust, Coventry, UK and Warwick Medical School, Coventry, UK; Kdirector of research and development, University Hospitals Coventry and Warwickshire NHS Trust, Coventry, UK and Warwick Medical School, Coventry, UK


The COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in the need to support large cohorts of patients suffering from long COVID after recovery from acute infection.1 Long COVID is a term ‘used to describe presence of various symptoms, even weeks or months after acquiring SARS-CoV-2 infection irrespective of the viral status’.2 Long COVID is a common condition, with estimates identifying that between 10% and 20% of people initially diagnosed with acute COVID-19 will go on to develop symptoms of long COVID.3 There remains some debate about the terminology used in long COVID, with the UK National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) also using the terminology ‘post-COVID-19 syndrome’ for signs and symptoms that develop during or after an infection consistent with COVID-19, continue for more than 12 weeks and are not explained by an alternative diagnosis, and ‘ongoing symptomatic COVID-19’ for signs and symptoms of COVID-19 from 4 to 12 weeks.3 However, NICE also recognises the umbrella term ‘long COVID’.

Long COVID now poses an emerging public health emergency with multiple challenges for the management of these patients in clinical practice.4–6 The symptoms associated with long COVID are diverse, including breathlessness, cough, fatigue, ‘brain fog’, anxiety and depression.7 One of the most commonly reported symptoms is fatigue, present in up to 65% of long COVID patients, this is accompanied by a substantial proportion also reporting cognitive and affective deficits (described in the literature as ‘brain fog’).8–11 The fatigue experienced by these patients can be particularly severe, preventing them from performing their usual work and activities, while the age group most affected by long COVID tends to be economically active adults.12

Currently, specific treatment options for long COVID are limited, with even fewer treatment options available for those suffering from fatigue.13,14 Thus, there is a growing need to identify effective treatments for these patients.15 Despite distinct differences, there are important similarities between long COVID fatigue and chronic fatigue syndrome.9,16

Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) is ‘an intervention where an individual breathes near 100% oxygen intermittently while inside a hyperbaric chamber that is pressurized to greater than
sea level pressure (1 atmosphere absolute, or ATA)’.17,18 HBOT is used for both elective (eg soft tissue radiation complications and non-healing chronic wounds) and emergency medical conditions (eg carbon monoxide poisoning, decompression illness and gas embolism).17 In particular, HBOT has been shown to be safe
and effective in the treatment of chronic fatigue syndrome.19,20
At University Hospitals Coventry and Warwickshire NHS Trust, working in direct partnership with the Midlands Diving Chamber
at the Rugby Hospital of St Cross, we proposed that HBOT may be of benefit to people suffering from symptoms of long COVID. The first patient to receive HBOT for long COVID received this on the 11 January 2021. Currently, there is no study to our knowledge which explored the effects of HBOT on long COVID-related fatigue. Here we present the first evaluation of a HBOT service for the treatment of long COVID symptoms internationally.

Hyperbaric oxygen therapy for the treatment of long COVID: early evaluation of a highly promising intervention


We retrospectively evaluated the response of fatigue symptoms of patients with long COVID-related fatigue receiving HBOT
at the Midlands Diving Chamber medical facility, Hospital of
St Cross, Rugby. This retrospective evaluation was approved by the University Hospitals Coventry and Warwickshire NHS Trust COVID-19 Research Ethics Committee through the GAFREC Process (ID: 10026).

We evaluated 10 consecutive patients undergoing HBOT for
long COVID-related fatigue at the Midlands Diving Chamber. All patients were suffering from new fatigue that developed during
or after an infection consistent with COVID-19 and continuing for more than 12 weeks. The clinical inclusion and exclusion criteria for these patients are listed in Table 1.

All patients received 10 HBOT sessions, once daily at 2.4 atmospheres for 1 hour and 45 minutes over 12 days (with a 2-day break in the middle for the weekend).

The responses of these 10 consecutive patients receiving HBOT therapy were evaluated with the primary outcome measure being the change in Chalder fatigue scale between days 1 and 10 of treatment.21 The secondary measure evaluated was the change in the cognitive profile scores of day 1 and day 10, as reported through the NeuroTrax evaluation.22 This scoring included global cognitive score, memory, executive function, attention, information processing speed, visual-spatial, verbal function and motor skills.

Statistical analysis

In order to investigate differences between day 1 and day 10 undergoing HBOT, Wilcoxon signed-rank testing was conducted and reported alongside corresponding effect sizes (Cohen’s d; classified as small (0.2), medium (0.5), large (0.8) or very large (1.2), and 95% confidence intervals (CIs)).23 In addition, Bayes factors were also calculated to express the probability of a difference given H10 (alternate hypothesis) relative to H01 (null hypothesis), that is, values larger than 1 are in favour of H10 assuming that H01 and H10 are equally likely and using a default prior.24 Bayes factors were reported as the probability of the data given the alternative relative to the null hypothesis or vice-versa (classified as anecdotal (BF1–3), moderate (BF3–10), strong (BF10–30), very strong (BF30–100) or extreme (BF>100)).25–27 Bayesian analysis was concurrently utilised because it permits the amalgamation of discipline-specific knowledge, facilitates direct probability statements to be made pertaining to included parameters (ie population level effects), allows zero effects to be determined, provides estimates of uncertainty around parameter values that are more intuitively interpretable than those from null hypothesis testing alone, and supports in the interpretation of p values.28,29 All analyses were conducted using R software.30


In the present cohort, 60% of the patients were women. The mean average age of participants was 47.5 years (range 24–74). All patients had been suffering from long COVID symptoms for over 3 months.

Participant level and overall group data for all collected validated scores between day 1 and day 10 of HBOT are presented in Table 2.

Wilcoxon signed-rank tests indicated that once daily HBOT for 10 days yielded a statistically significant improvement in Chalder fatigue scale (p=0.0059; d=1.75 (very large)), global cognition (p=0.0137; d=–1.07 (large)), executive function (p=0.0039; d=–1.06 (large)), attention (p=0.0020; d=–1.2 (very large)), information processing speed (p=0.0059; d=–1.25 (very large)) and verbal function (p=0.0098; d=–0.92 (large)). Concomitantly, Bayes factors indicated that the evidence favouring the alternative vs the null hypothesis was moderate for global cognition (BF7.63), executive function (BF7.33) and verbal function (BF4.13); strong for attention (BF12.51) and information processing speed (BF15.32), and very strong for Chalder fatigue index (BF98.13).

All pairwise comparisons including p values, mean differences (95% CIs), Cohen’s d effect sizes and Bayes Factors are presented in Table 2 and Fig 1. Finally, participant level and overall group data for days 1 and 10 are presented in the supplementary material S1.

No adverse events were reported in any of these patients receiving HBOT during this treatment or in the immediate post-treatment phase.


At University Hospitals Coventry and Warwickshire NHS Trust, we have established a dedicated clinician-led clinic for patients presenting with long COVID-related fatigue. The severity of symptoms seen and the impact on quality of life are profound.

Many patients are unable to work (either in manual or office-based roles), drive, participate in their usual physical activity or, at times, engage with their family in the manner they would wish. The treatment options available for such people with severe symptoms of long COVID are limited, with very few interventional options.

Here, to our knowledge, we describe the first evaluated use of HBOT to manage long COVID in the UK or internationally. We report statistically and clinically significant improvements to both the overall fatigue score and a range of cognitive domains using validated scales. The effect size measures calculated are large, suggesting a substantial improvement and, thus, there is a small likelihood these results are due to chance despite the small initial sample size. These are important findings suggesting a possible positive effect of HBOT on the common long COVID-related symptoms of fatigue and ‘brain fog’. These results match with the clinical and qualitative observations of patients receiving the therapy, many of whom report their lives have been transformed.

The mechanism of long COVID is still uncertain.1 One possible hypothesis is that the wide variety of changes that characterise long COVID are a result of prolonged tissue hypoxia.6 This is frequently the common denominator for many diseases that are responsive to HBOT.31 Further research is needed to understand the underlying mechanisms of long COVID and positive responses seen in relation to HBOT.1

While these results are important, they represent only an initial evaluation. Indeed, the sample size consists of only 10 patients. Furthermore, these patients have not been followed up for a prolonged period to assess whether the noted improvements of these long COVID-related symptoms were sustained. Based on initial informal feedback, patients do excellently in the longer term. Thus, there is a need to assess these effects of HBOT in
the context of a randomised placebo-controlled prospective study. However, these initial results suggest that HBOT merits further study as a treatment option for patients presenting with long COVID symptoms (such as fatigue). Given the scale of the emerging long COVID public health emergency globally and the still ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, there is an urgent need
for larger-scale randomised placebo-controlled trials to evaluate the potential impact of HBOT in the context of long COVID. In addition, the creation of a registry of patients receiving HBOT for long COVID symptoms (such as fatigue) in order to obtain follow-up data over time is also suggested. These are both elements of work currently being developed collaboratively between the Midlands Diving Chamber and University Hospitals Coventry and Warwickshire NHS Trust.

Supplementary material

Additional supplementary material may be found in the online version of this article at

S1 – Descriptive participant level and overall group data, day 1 vs day 10.


  1.  Marshall M. The four most urgent questions about long COVID. Nature 2021;594:168–70.
  2.  Raveendran A, Jayadevan R, Sashidharan S. Long COVID: an over- view. Diabetes Metab Syndr 2021;15:869–75.
  3.  Venkatesan P. NICE guideline on long COVID. Lancet Respir Med 2021;9:129.
  4.  Rando HM, Bennett TD, Byrd JB et al. Challenges in defining Long COVID: Striking differences across literature, Electronic Health Records, and patient-reported information. medRxiv 2021;2021.03.20.21253896.
  5.  Alwan NA, Johnson L. Defining long COVID: Going back to the start. Med (N Y) 2021;2:501–4.
  6.  Nabavi N. Long covid: How to define it and how to manage it. BMJ 2020;370:m3489.
  7.  Mandal S, Barnett J, Brill SE et al. ‘Long-COVID’: a cross-sectional study of persisting symptoms, biomarker and imaging abnormali- ties following hospitalisation for COVID-19. Thorax 2021;76:396–8.
  8.  Cabrera Martimbianco AL, Pacheco RL, Bagattini ÂM, Riera R. Frequency, signs and symptoms, and criteria adopted for long COVID: a systematic review. Int J Clin Pract 2021;75:e14357.
  9.  Wostyn P. COVID-19 and chronic fatigue syndrome: Is the worst yet to come? Med Hypotheses 2021;146:110469.
  10.  Morley JE. COVID-19 — the long road to recovery. J Nutr Health Aging 2020;24:917–9.
  11.  Boldrini M, Canoll PD, Klein RS. How COVID-19 Affects the Brain. JAMA Psychiatry 2021;78:682–3.
  12.  Maxwell E. Living with Covid19. National Institute for Health Research, 2020.
  13.  Shah W, Hillman T, Playford ED, Hishmeh L. Managing the long term effects of covid-19: summary of NICE, SIGN, and RCGP rapid guideline. BMJ 2021;372:n136.
  14.  Gaber T. Assessment and management of post-COVID fatigue. Progress in Neurology and Psychiatry 2021;25:36–9.
  15.  Palmer SJ. Government funding for research into long COVID. British Journal of Cardiac Nursing 2021;16:1–3.

16 Wong TL, Weitzer DJ. Long COVID and Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/ Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (ME/CFS)—A Systemic Review and Comparison of Clinical Presentation and Symptomatology. Medicina 2021;57:418.

17 Kirby JP, Snyder J, Schuerer DJ, Peters JS, Bochicchio GV. Essentials of hyperbaric oxygen therapy: 2019 review. Mo Med 2019;116:176.

18 Moon R. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy indications. Best Publishing Company, 2019.

19 Akarsu S, Tekin L, Ay H et al. The efficacy of hyperbaric oxygen therapy in the management of chronic fatigue syndrome. Undersea Hyperb Med 2013;40:197–200.

20 Hoof EV, Coomans D, Becker PD et al. Hyperbaric therapy in chronic fatigue syndrome. Journal of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome 2003;11:37–49.

21 Jackson C. The Chalder fatigue scale (CFQ 11). Occup Med (Lond) 2015;65:86.

22 Doniger GM. NeuroTraxcomputerized cognitive tests: Test descrip- tions. Medina: NeuroTrax, 2013:1–16.

23 Robbins T, Keung SNLC, Sankar S, Randeva H, Arvanitis TN. Application of standardised effect sizes to hospital discharge outcomes for people with diabetes. BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making 2020;20:1–6.

24 Eyre EL, Clark CC, Tallis J et al. The effects of combined movement and storytelling intervention on motor skills in South Asian and White children aged 5–6 years living in the United Kingdom. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020;17:3391.

25 Marsman M, Wagenmakers E-J. Bayesian benefits with JASP. European Journal of Developmental Psychology 2017;14:545–55.

26 Wagenmakers E-J, Marsman M, Jamil T et al. Bayesian inference for psychology. Part I: Theoretical advantages and practical ramifica- tions. Psychon Bull Rev 2018;25:35–57.

27 Wagenmakers E-J, Love J, Marsman M et al. Bayesian inference for psychology. Part II: Example applications with JASP. Psychon Bull Rev 2018;25:58–76.

28 Wasserstein RL, Lazar NA. The ASA statement on p-values: context, process, and purpose. The American Statistician 2016;70:129–133.

29 Amrhein V, Greenland S, McShane B. Scientists rise up against sta- tistical significance. Nature 2019;567:305–7.

30 R Core Team. R: A language and environment for statistical com- puting. R, 2013.

31 Choudhury R. Hypoxia and hyperbaric oxygen therapy: a review. Int J Gen Med 2018;11:431–42.

Address for correspondence: Dr Timothy Robbins, University Hospitals Coventry and Warwickshire NHS Trust, Clifford Bridge Road, Coventry CV2 2DX, UK.






From a wheelchair to walking in just days – the revolutionary treatment for long Covid at St Cross

December 01, 2021

By Alex Green as featured in Warwickshire World

A revolutionary treatment for long Covid – which saw one patient go from relying on a wheelchair to being able to comfortably walk in just a day – is being conducted at Rugby’s St Cross.

The Advertiser learned of the treatment, being conducted at the Midlands Diving Centre, when a patient called in to praise the project for the profound effect it had, easing their long Covid symptoms.

Patients preparing for treatment in the hyperbaric chamber.

We got in touch with the centre – and Dr Michael Gonevski, who has been spearheading the revolutionary treatment, invited us to come and see it for ourselves.

The treatment sees patients sitting in the centre’s Hyperbaric Oxygen Chamber, which looks quite like a submarine, for a spell of sessions lasting around an hour-and-a-half for up to two weeks.

The chamber simulates the level of pressure usually found 14 metres underwater – and this causes pure oxygen to be forced into the body, being absorbed by cells and prompting regeneration.

Dr Gonevski, who has previous expertise in both diving and using this method to treat an array of conditions, said he has treated 53 long Covid patients since the beginning of this year – and all of them have shown significant improvement.

“We’ve had people who had not been able to leave the house for 18 months show radical improvement in days, we’ve even had someone who was so ill she was using a wheelchair begin walking again,” Dr Gonevski said.

Long Covid can be life–changing, and we have been able to either reverse entirely or significantly improve the symptoms of this condition.

“And these changes are permanent – they do not disappear when the treatment is completed.”

One patient who spoke with the Advertiser was in the early stages of the treatment, but he said he had already noticed a profound difference in his symptoms.

The patient, who wished to remain anonymous, was educated to a high level and, before developing long Covid, had been fit enough to climb Mont Blanc.

He explained the debilitating physical and cognitive symptoms of his condition, and shared how hopeless he’d become when doctors told him there was nothing they could do to help.

This patient, like many others who have travelled from across the country, said Dr Gonevski and his staff have given them hope – and a hope justified by the clear results that the treatment gets.

Many of the patients are private, but Dr Gonevski is hoping that the NHS will recognise the life-changing treatment and increase its funding so it can be available to all.

See for more information.

How MDC Gave Olympic GB Boxer Back His Punch

September 06, 2021

Olympic boxer Ben Whittaker revealed that he got his punch back after long Covid with #HBOT at Midlands Diving Chamber.

“The 24-year-old contracted the virus in January and said it had robbed him of his ability to punch – but sessions in a chamber at Midlands Diving Chamber breathing 100 % oxygen in a pressurised environment gave him 100 percent back. He claimed that without it he would not have won silver in Tokyo.”

Check out the article here:

Image and article by Daily Mail, read the full article on the Daily Mail here. 

Success in treating Long COVID

May 12, 2021

Did you know we have been treating patients suffering from the ongoing symptoms of Long COVID and we have seen incredible results?

Professional boxer Rachel Ball saw her symptoms persist for weeks and then months, threatening to end her career until she came to Midlands Diving Chamber for hyperbaric oxygen therapy where we treated her at a therapeutic depth and saw her dreams of recovery come true.

Watch her interview with ITV News now, featuring our very own Dr Michael Gonevski click the image below for the full interview. 


If you have any questions or would like more information on treatment for Long COVID please contact us now.
Call: +44 (0) 7931 472602
What’s app: +44 (0) 1788 579 555

Bigger and better hyperbaric chamber opens.

June 04, 2020

Sarah Courtney, Minister for Health

The health, safety and wellbeing of Tasmanians is our highest priority as we continue to deal with COVID-19.

From tomorrow, the new Department of Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine, with more capacity and capability for patient treatment, research and training, will open in K-Block.

This means more patients can be treated with hyperbaric oxygen simultaneously in the multiplace chamber, which has capacity for up to 10 patients.

There is also a dedicated treatment room for ICU patients who require hyperbaric oxygen treatment.

Patients will enjoy improved amenities in the multiplace chamber with more space, patient entertainment and a private toilet.

Two monoplace chambers are also available for patients who are unable to sit or who cannot tolerate the traditional method of oxygen delivered via a hood or mask.

K3E has more clinical areas with more wound, treatment and consultation rooms.

Tasmania’s new state-of-the-art multiplace, hyperbaric chamber has been designed by Australian experts with clinical and technical advice every step of the way from the Royal Hobart’s hyperbaric team.

Hyperbaric oxygen treatment is a well-known treatment for decompression illness and is essential for Tasmania’s commercial and recreational diving industries.

It is also used to treat other conditions that affect many Tasmanians every year – tissue injury from radiation after treatment for cancer, diabetic wounds and serious infections such as gangrene, for example.

The chamber has been fitted with dual-capability to pressurise (hyperbaric) and depressurise (hypobaric) and is a first for the southern hemisphere.

Hypobaric chambers are used for aerospace, or altitude research and training to simulate the effects of high altitude on the body, especially low oxygen levels and low ambient air pressure.

The dual-capability chamber will create a world-class research facility, unique in the southern hemisphere and one of just a few globally; the first with combined capability in the country.

Meanwhile, following rigorous testing, the helipad will be fully commissioned and ready for patients from Wednesday, May 6, 2020.

Fast, dedicated lifts in K-Block will allow retrieval teams to get patients to their treatment areas within minutes.

This is significantly faster than landing at the Cenotaph, which required transfer by road ambulance to the hospital.

Also, a third inpatient ward will open in K9E on Thursday, May 7, 2020.

The orthopaedics and surgical specialties unit will open 25 beds and includes a bariatric room, negative pressure isolation room and state-of-the-art burns bath with best practice airflows in its own designated area.

Patient services are now being delivered in K-Block with admissions and departures on KG, general and respiratory medicine, K10E and general and vascular surgery, K9W.

We are continuing to monitor the COVID-19 situation daily and will remain flexible in the use of health facilities to best meet the health needs of Tasmanians.

The sequence and opening of more wards and services over coming weeks will continue to be reviewed in light of Tasmania’s COVID-19 preparedness.

Read more: here.

HBOT for COVID-19 pneumonia and respiratory failure by Dr Paul G Harch

April 15, 2020

Since the original post here on 3/10/2020 Dr. Harch has been communicating nearly daily with the Chinese physician group who had the initial experience treating COVID-19 pneumonia and respiratory failure in Wuhan, China.  The goal, based on Dr. Harch’s 29 years of interface with academic physicians, institutions, and governments where decisions to implement a medical therapy are based on published information in peer-reviewed medical journals, has been to get Dr. Xiaoling’s, Chen’s, and colleagues’ original five case series published in an English language medical journal.  Simultaneously, recommendations would be made on safety features for delivering HBOT to patients while protecting healthcare workers and other patients. 

Because of the urgency/emergency in trying to disseminate this information safely Dr. Harch reviewed all of the data, organized the Chinese experience, and presented it to the governors of New York and Louisiana, the two hardest-hit U.S. epicenters of the pandemic and their medical staffs.  The goal was to have government sponsored HBOT application in safe hospital settings.  Their response was that they wanted to see published information on the Chinese experience, reinforcing the original plan to get the Chinese HBOT data published in an English-language scientific/medical journal.  When these responses were received Dr. Harch tried to convert his clinic to an exclusive COVID-19 treatment center, but due to the severe condition of the patients, the need for ambulance transport daily from the hospital to the clinic, and the lack of reimbursement for this transport, this plan had to be abandoned and a formal application made for a study to be done.

Yesterday, my published Commentary article was released by Medical Gas Research which is attached.  It will be in the June issue of Medical Gas Research and should appear on their website shortly.  The graph in the Commentary is from the Chinese 5 case series, showing the daily increase in blood oxygen saturation with each HBOT.  With permission from the Chinese authors I have also posted their two case reports, a ventilator patient, and a severe patient who was deteriorating and refused intubation.  That second case report is the most severe patient in their five-patient series.  The severe patient’s case report was translated to English for me by the Chinese authors.  I am awaiting the translation of the ventilator patient case report.  Also listed below is the English language version of the manuscript released by Dr. Xiaoling to colleagues in China earlier in the pandemic out of urgency to spread their experience.  The recipients put it on the internet and it has circulated in several forms.  The final version of this, reformatted, and partially grammar corrected for English by Dr. Harch with stronger arguments on the rational for HBOT in COVID-19 is awaiting the Chinese author’s permission to release once the Chinese journal has published this version.

Lastly, the Chinese infection control procedures for their multi-place chamber are listed, along with a picture of the console/department staff of the hyperbaric unit.  They do not have a picture of the “inside” attendants.  The “inside” attendants actually never entered the multiplace chamber with the patients.  They remained in a separate lock from which they could enter the patient lock if necessary.  In the treatment of 35 patients no hyperbaric staff entered the treatment lock.  None of the medical staff contracted COVID-19.  Of the 35 patients, 29 were less severe than those described above.  The Chinese doctors stated that these patients would have all improved without HBOT, but once the patients witnessed how rapidly the severe patients improved they demanded HBOT from the hospital administration.  The administrators “pressured” the HBOT staff to treat the less severe patients.  All 35 recovered and were discharged from the hospital “cured.”  Since then Dr. Harch has communicated with a physician team at another hospital in Wuhan that has treated 34 patients.  They stated that it was a clinical urgency that prompted their attempt at HBOT.  They performed no “study,” but are now collating their data to present.  Purportedly, hyperbaric physicians in Pakistan, Iran, Thailand, and Japan have also begun treating COVID-19 patients. 

The net result of all of this is that the Chinese experience with HBOT in COVID-19 is duplicating the Cunningham experience with Spanish Flu in 1918.  There are now multiple studies that have been launched on HBOT in COVID-19.  HBOT appears to be treating the hypoxemia and underlying pathology (lung inflammation) in COVID-19. 

Footballer Ben Amos talks HBOT and how it has up’d his goalie game.

June 26, 2019

Hyperbaric oxygen therapy is used as an adjunctive therapy to treat sports injuries, from the acute traumatic injury, to muscle contusions and ankle sprains. It is also used in treatment of joint, ligament, and tendon injuries reducing recovery time.

The use of hyperbaric chambers by sporting professionals is no new craze; at our chambers in London and Rugby alone we have been consistently treating sporting professionals from a variety of different sports with HBOT since we opened in 2004. In more recent years a number of top premiership football clubs have also invested in having their own hyperbaric facilities on site for injured players.

Last year alone we saw super cyclist Mark Cavendish in the Isle of Wight instagramming himself while on the O2 bibs and this time he wasn’t recovering from a shoulder break.

There is no question why a sportsperson wouldn’t choose HBOT, they need to be in great physical health and this does not stop after training has finished. Awareness is increasing in areas of care, recovery and wellbeing everyday and the use of HBOT growing alongside the stakes.

Hyperbaric oxygen helps with the reduction of swelling and facilitates soft tissue healing, the results cannot only help to speed up recovery but can also aid their performance and reduce fatigue.

I met with Ben Amos, Professional Footballer to find out about his experience of using HBOT to reduce fatigue throughout the season.

Hi Ben, can you tell us a little about yourself?

I am originally from Macclesfield, but have been living on road most my life, sort of south Manchester area really, however I have come to London for the first time to live.

And how has your football career been so far?

I play professional football as a goal keeper for Bolton Wanderers and this year I am on loan to Charlton Athletic for the season which is how I arrived in sunny London. I joined Manchester United at the age of 11, and have played for Peterborough United, Molde and Oldham Athletic. I’m an England youth international, having represented at every level from Under-16 to Under-21.

How often do you train for football?

All the training is tailored around the games so each week it is dependable how many games we play. It tends to be about 5 or 6 sessions a week with two games.

Have you saved any more goals since starting treatment?

I have kept a few clean sheets this season which means I haven’t conceded any of the games, who knows whether it is because of the chamber or not…

How do you find out about the chamber and it’s treatment?

I thought of all places in England there will probably be one in London if there is one. Had a Google about and found LDC. Thankfully the place I am living is right near a tube stop and the chamber is too, it makes sense on my day off to come and do it.

How did you about Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy?

I listen to a lot of pod casts, one in particular on UFC fighting, a fighter mentioned HBOT as a tool for his improvement, he spoke about treatments during his training leading up to fights and aiding recovery after fights. In the past I have sort of experienced, not burn out as such, but periods of fatigue throughout the season; so thought I would give it a go.

How did you initially get in contact?

Had to email the Doc back and forth, this took a bit of time, then I had to attend a consultation with the Doctor, and after that I was good to go for the following week.

What was your first dive in the chamber like?

It was different to anything I have done, I think I mentioned to you when we were in the pot that it’s different in there when we are under pressure, my hips click loads. Big thing is managing the time whist you are inside. I do a treatment that lasts an hour and ten minutes and being the impatient person I am, it feels like longer. My advice is to definitely take a book in with you! There are no distractions except the book, some people enjoy the more than me it seems. Just sat there just reading takes a bit of getting used to for me. I have done the longer treatments but I was advised that the hour treatment is most appropriate for me both cost and time wise.

Since you’ve started have you felt the effect of the therapy on anything other than fatigue?

All I can say is I rarely get niggles now. I used to experience discomfort in my hips and elbows but no complaints of late. I have got a sore hand at the moment but it feels a bit better than it has done as the treatment has been helping with swelling.

What do you talk about when in the chamber?

It is hard to talk when you have got a mask on you face! It’s only you that really talks to me in there (no surprise there) but normally I’ll talk a glass eye to sleep.

If you had to go in the chamber for a diver recompression time (6 hours) who would you take with you?

I would take someone who can talk me to sleep, that would be you then. I’ll take you there.

Have you got any strange chamber habits?

I go bare foot, is that weird? The first few times I went in I got so hot, my shins were sweating and I didn’t really enjoy it so best thing to do is go bare foot as socks weren’t going to help that. I would rather be too cold than too hot and you have blankets.

What do you eat after a dive?

Not my normal diet but on Wednesdays I treat myself to fish and chips! Hahah really not my normal diet but I need the good energy before hot yoga!

What session are you on?

Doing it a good few months now and my overall I would say I feel as good as I have ever felt.

Would you recommend the chamber to anyone?

I tried to get some mates from the team to come and do a session. I think that they enjoy their days off too much. I would definitely recommend the therapy.

Have you learnt anything about diving since you been here?

A little bit about the bends and the nitrogen bubbles, is that right?!

What are your plans for treatment moving forward?

If I move back up north or further a field I will have to have a re-think, see if there are any centres as great as you guys to get treatment at.

Taken from the archives of our hyperbaric magazine, Tanked Up

Radio HBO

June 05, 2019

Listen to Dr Paul Claus, outgoing medical director of Mayo Clinic’s Hyperbaric and Altitude Medicine Program, discuss hyperbaric oxygen therapy.

Could Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy help you? For you free assessment with the Doctor at our clinic in Rugby, Midlands please contact the team by clicking HERE.

What Actually Is Oxygen Therapy?

May 24, 2019

O2, or oxygen is ordinary in our every day lives, it is in fact it is the third most abundant element in the universe by weight. It is colourless and odourless and this lively gas is incredibly reactive.

We breathe it in as we go about our day, at the chamber we breathe it almost pure at 100%, under pressure when we descend on a dive in the chamber, and we follow strict procedures to keep our oxygen safe in storage.

When referring to Oxygen Therapy we talk about Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy, or HBOT.  HBOT can bring welcome relief and healing to you, your friends and family.

So how can ordinary oxygen be used as a therapy if we are already breathing it?

To book your free assessment with the Doctor to find out how HBOT can help you, a friend or family member please click her for more information.

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