Oxygen treatment is known as HBOT by doctors. This stands for Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy (HBOT)
HBOT is a treatment, in which a patient breathes 100% oxygen whilst inside a treatment chamber at a pressure higher than sea level pressure. It is the new application of an old technology to help resolve certain medical problems.
When a patient is given 100% oxygen under pressure, haemoglobin is saturated, but the blood can be hyper-oxygenated by dissolving oxygen into the plasma- which gets to the tissues in greater concentrations.
In some cases, it represents the only treatment needed whilst in others it is an additional treatment to surgery or drugs.
Treatment can be carried out in either a mono or multiplace chamber. The former accommodates a single patient; the entire chamber is pressurized with 100% oxygen, and the patient breathes the chamber oxygen directly.
The latter holds two or more people (patients, observers, and/or support personnel); the chamber is pressurized with compressed air while the patients breathe 100% oxygen via masks or head hoods. Breathing 100% oxygen at 1 atmosphere of pressure or exposing isolated parts of the body to 100% oxygen does not constitute HBOT therapy.
The patient must receive the oxygen by breathing it in a pressurized chamber.
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